From the music we listen to and the books we read, to the website, photograph, Video and products we use in our daily lives, each is a product of human creativity, and that creativity is protected. It is these creations of the mind, once expressed, that make up intellectual property.

Therefore, in business, everything, from your website, software, brand, packaging and logo should be protected. In a nutshell, all of your mental and creative ‘outputs’ can be transformed into tangible ‘commodities’ so that you can licence, sell, trade, divide or retain your rights to those ‘commodities’.

So, as well as making sure your own creative efforts are rewarded and protected, by properly managing your intellectual property or Copyright protection.

What are the rights available through Copyright protection?

Copyright owners have the exclusive right to do or authorise the doing of any of the following in respect of a work or any substantial part thereof:

# A. In case of a literary, dramatic or musical work not being a computer program, to reproduce the work in any material form including the storing of it in any medium by electronic means;

# to issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in publication;

# to perform the work in public, or communicate it to the public;

# to make any cinematographic film or sound recording in respect of the work;

# to make any translation of the work;

# to make any adaptation of the work;

# to do, in relation to a translation or adaptation of the work, any of the acts specified in relation to the work in sub clauses (i) to (vi)

B. In the case of a computer program,

# to do any of the acts specified in para (A) above.

# to sell or give on hire, or offer for sale or hire a copy of the computer program, regardless of whether such copy has been sold or given on hire on earlier occasions. It may be noted that Copyright confers a number of rights, some or all of which can be granted to others either exclusively or non-exclusively.

What is done to the infringing copies seized during a raid by enforcement authorities?

Under Section 66 of the Copyright Act, the Court trying any offence, (whether the alleged offender is convicted or not) may order that all copies of the work in the possession of the alleged offender, which appear to be infringing copies, be delivered to the owner of Copyright.